Success Factors for Smart City in Urban Design Models: A Systematic Review

  • Martiana Kholila Fadhil Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology
  • Tony Dwi Susanto Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology
Abstract views: 114 , 731 downloads: 71
Keywords: Smart City, Success Factor, Urban Design, Smart Design and Architecture


Sustainable urban development cannot be separated from the smart city concept which can solve the problems of urban areas in recent years. The purpose of this study is to review literature studies on creating Urban Design models that influence the successful implementation of Smart City in urban areas toward sustainable urban development. Sustainable urban development in the Smart City concept is not limited to solutions using IT-based technology but needs to pay attention to solutions to the physical condition of cities due to the increase and decrease in the number of residents in urban areas. From this context, this research agrees on models, concepts, and indicators to measure the success factors of smart cities in Indonesia. This research method was carried out by studying the literature used derived from various articles filtered into 40 articles about urban design in Smart City. The result of this study is a systematic literature review consisting of 3 domains, 8 aspects and 40 indicators of Urban Design influencing the success of Smart City in the local government. The results of this study can contribute to the implementation of the Urban Design model in sustainable urban development.


Download data is not yet available.


[1] B. N. Silva, M. Khan, and K. Han, “Towards sustainable smart cities: A review of trends, architectures, components, and open challenges in smart cities,” Sustain. Cities Soc., vol. 38, no. August 2017, pp. 697–713, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2018.01.053.
[2] K. Wielicka-ga, “smart cities Perceptions and Attitudes toward Risks of City Administration Employees in the Context of Smart City Management,” pp. 1325–1344, 2023.
[3] S. Lee, “The Acceptance Model of Smart City Service: Focused on Seoul,” Sustain., vol. 15, no. 3, 2023, doi: 10.3390/su15032695.
[4] A. Szczepańska, R. Kaźmierczak, and M. Myszkowska, “Smart City Solutions from a Societal Perspective—A Case Study,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 20, no. 6, p. 5136, 2023, doi: 10.3390/ijerph20065136.
[5] S. Zhu, D. Li, and H. Feng, “Is smart city resilient? Evidence from China,” Sustain. Cities Soc., vol. 50, no. December 2018, p. 101636, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2019.101636.
[6] J. Mueller, H. Lu, A. Chirkin, B. Klein, and G. Schmitt, “Citizen Design Science: A strategy for crowd-creative urban design,” Cities, vol. 72, no. April 2017, pp. 181–188, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2017.08.018.
[7] M. Foth, “Lessons from urban guerrilla placemaking for smart city commons,” ACM Int. Conf. Proceeding Ser., vol. Part F1285, pp. 32–35, 2017, doi: 10.1145/3083671.3083707.
[8] K. Novianti, “City Yang Diterapkan Di Jakarta Dan Surabaya 1 Towards Smart City: Lessons From the Implementation of Smart City,” S CONCEPT JAKARTA SURABAYA Lemb. …, no. April 2016, pp. 1–8, 2017.
[9] E. Satispi and K. Mufidayati, “The Implementation of The Jakarta Smart City (JSC) Evi Satispi and Kurniasih Mufidayati,” Iapa Proc. Conf., p. 192, 2019, doi: 10.30589/proceedings.2018.193.
[10] A. Sanjaya, S. A. Krisna, and T. B. Mursito, “Research Trends of Smart City in Indonesia: Where Do We Go from Here?,” Ina - Rxiv Pap., pp. 1–7, 2018.
[11] WRI Indonesia, "Seizing Indonesia's Urban Opportunity Compact, Connected, Clean and Resilient Cities as Drivers of Sustainable Development", 2019, pp. 1-22.
[12] E. Rustiadi, A. E. Pravitasari, Y. Setiawan, S. P. Mulya, D. O. Pribadi, and N. Tsutsumida, “Impact of continuous Jakarta megacity urban expansion on the formation of the Jakarta-Bandung conurbation over the rice farm regions,” Cities, vol. 111, no. March 2021, p. 103000, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2020.103000.
[13] Kominfo, “No TitlTahap Pertama Gerakan Menuju 100 Smart City 2017, 24 Kota/Kabupaten Berhasil Menyelesaikan Smart City Masterplane,” SIARAN PERS NO. 223/HM/KOMINFO/11/2017, 2017.
[14] G. Kudrna, T. Le, and J. Piggott, Macro-Demographics and Ageing in Emerging Asia: the Case of Indonesia, vol. 15, no. 1. Springer Netherlands, 2022. doi: 10.1007/s12062-022-09358-6.
[15] X. Song, Q. Feng, F. Xia, X. Li, and J. Scheffran, “Impacts of changing urban land-use structure on sustainable city growth in China: A population-density dynamics perspective,” Habitat Int., vol. 107, no. June 2020, p. 102296, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2020.102296.
[16] N. Meitibellina and P. Hariyanti, “Strategi Komunikasi Pemerintah Kabupaten Blora Menuju Smart City,” J. Komun., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 59–74, 2020, doi: 10.20885/komunikasi.vol15.iss1.art5.
[17] E. Tri, F. Aindita, I. Setiawan, and P. K. Semarang, “Penerapan Konsep Smart City,” vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 97–116, 1829.
[18] R. Purna, A. Galih, D. P. Sudibyo, and R. Ardhian, “Evaluation of Surabaya Smart City Implementation in Realizing Smart Government , Smart Economy , Smart Environment , Smart Living , Smart People , and Smart Mobility,” Incesh, vol. 581, no. Incesh, pp. 320–327, 2021.
[19] J. in Chang, J. Choi, H. An, and H. Y. Chung, “Gendering the smart city: A case study of Sejong City, Korea,” Cities, vol. 120, no. December 2020, p. 103422, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2021.103422.
[20] Y. A. Aina, “Achieving smart sustainable cities with GeoICT support: The Saudi evolving smart cities,” Cities, vol. 71, no. May, pp. 49–58, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2017.07.007.
[21] T. Yigitcanlar, “Smart cities: an effective urban development and management model?,” Aust. Plan., vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 27–34, 2015, doi: 10.1080/07293682.2015.1019752.
[22] M. Amberg, F. Fischl, and M. Wiener, “Background of critical success factor research,” Evolution (N. Y)., vol. 17, no. 2, p. 12, 2005, [Online]. Available:
[23] R. G. Manasan, E. T. Gonzalez, and R. B. Gaffud, “Indicators of Good Governance : Developing an Index of Governance Quality at the LGU Level,” J. Philipp. Dev., vol. XXVI, no. 149, p. 212, 1999, [Online]. Available:
[24] A. Absadykov, “Does Good Governance Matter? Kazakhstan’s Economic Growth and Worldwide Governance Indicators,” Otoritas J. Ilmu Pemerintah., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2020, doi: 10.26618/ojip.v10i1.2776.
[25] T. Facchinetti, G. Benetti, D. Giuffrida, and A. Nocera, “slr-kit: A semi-supervised machine learning framework for systematic literature reviews,” Knowledge-Based Syst., vol. 251, p. 109266, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.knosys.2022.109266.
[26] A. Rajeev, R. K. Pati, S. S. Padhi, and K. Govindan, “Evolution of sustainability in supply chain management: A literature review,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 162, pp. 299–314, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.05.026.
[27] W. Mengist, T. Soromessa, and G. Legese, “Method for conducting systematic literature review and meta-analysis for environmental science research,” MethodsX, vol. 7, p. 100777, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.mex.2019.100777.
[28] R. K. Al Shawabkeh, “New Urban Regeneration for the City of Amman Using Sustainable Urban Design Principles: Al-Abdali Area As a Case Study,” Int. J. Appl. Eng. Res., vol. 13, no. 19, p. 14345, 2018, doi: 10.37622/ijaer/13.19.2018.14345-14358.
[29] E. Sofeska, “Relevant Factors in Sustainable Urban Development of Urban Planning Methodology and Implementation of Concepts for Sustainable Planning (Planning Documentation for the Master Plan Skopje 2001–2020),” Procedia Environ. Sci., vol. 34, pp. 140–151, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.proenv.2016.04.014.
[30] O. O. Makinde, “Design Factors as Determinants of Neighborhood Quality in the Urban Area of International Journal Of Architecture and Urban Development Neighborhood Quality in the Urban Area of D esign Factors as Determinants of,” no. November, 2021, doi: 10.30495/IJAUD.2020.15952.
[31] S. J. Tayouga and S. A. Gagné, “The socio-ecological factors that influence the adoption of green infrastructure,” Sustain., vol. 8, no. 12, 2016, doi: 10.3390/su8121277.
[32] M. Sangiuliano, “Smart Cities and Gender : main arguments and dimensions for a promising research and policy development area Intro 3 . Gender neutral / blind ( urban ) innovation and gender blind design of smart,” no. 612493, p. 9, 2017.
[33] D. Olivia, B. Setioko, E. E. Pandelaki, and P. Korespondensi, “Analisa Faktor Pembentuk Karakteristik Sebaran Sarana dan Prasararana Permukiman Di Wilayah Perbatasan (Studi Kasus : Kelurahan Sendang Mulyo Kota Semarang),” Teknik, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 106–113, 2018, doi: 10.14710/teknik.v39n2.12738.
[34] A. Sharifi and A. Murayama, “Neighborhood sustainability assessment in action: Cross-evaluation of three assessment systems and their cases from the US, the UK, and Japan,” Build. Environ., vol. 72, pp. 243–258, 2014, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2013.11.006.
[35] T. Czvetkó, G. Honti, and J. Abonyi, “Regional development potentials of Industry 4.0: Open data indicators of the Industry 4.0+ model,” PLoS One, vol. 16, no. 4 April, pp. 1–20, 2021, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0250247.
[36] S. Chang and M. K. Smith, “Residents’ Quality of Life in Smart Cities: A Systematic Literature Review,” Land, vol. 12, no. 4, 2023, doi: 10.3390/land12040876.
[37] T. A. Tran, T. Ruppert, G. Eigner, and J. Abonyi, “Retrofitting-Based Development of Brownfield Industry 4.0 and Industry 5.0 Solutions,” IEEE Access, vol. 10, pp. 64348–64374, 2022, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3182491.
[38] A. R. Müller, J. Park, and J. W. Sonn, “Finding the old in the new: Smart cities in the national and local trajectories of urban development,” Int. J. Urban Sci., vol. 27, no. S1, pp. 1–9, 2023, doi: 10.1080/12265934.2022.2153472.
[39] J. Zong, Y. Li, L. Lin, and W. Bao, “Evaluation guide for green and smart cities,” IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., vol. 267, no. 5, 2019, doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/267/5/052009.
[40] A. A. Zuniga-Teran et al., “Designing healthy communities: A walkability analysis of LEED-ND,” Front. Archit. Res., vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 433–452, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.foar.2016.09.004.
[41] J. Tippu, S. Saravanasankar, B. Sankaranarayanan, S. M. Ali, S. S. Qarnain, and K. Karuppiah, “Towards Sustainability: Analysis of Energy Efficiency Factors in Buildings of Smart Cities Using an Integrated Framework,” J. Inst. Eng. Ser. A, vol. 104, no. 1, pp. 223–235, 2023, doi: 10.1007/s40030-022-00704-7.
[42] D. Minoli, K. Sohraby, and B. Occhiogrosso, “IoT Considerations, Requirements, and Architectures for Smart Buildings-Energy Optimization and Next-Generation Building Management Systems,” IEEE Internet Things J., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 269–283, 2017, doi: 10.1109/JIOT.2017.2647881.
[43] S. J. Manan Sureshchandra, Jaydev Bhavsar, “Review on Identification of Success Factors for Designing of Smart Cities,” IJSTE-International J. Sci. Technol. Eng. |, vol. 2, no. 09, pp. 125–133, 2016, [Online]. Available:
[44] G. Pau, T. Campisi, A. Canale, A. Severino, M. Collotta, and G. Tesoriere, “Smart pedestrian crossing management at traffic light junctions through a fuzzy-based approach,” Futur. Internet, vol. 10, no. 2, 2018, doi: 10.3390/fi10020015.
[45] J. Lee, J. Park, and T. Schuetze, “Comparative Analysis of LEED-ND & DGNB-UD Rating System ,” no. June, pp. 235–248, 2015, doi: 10.3390/ifou-c004.
[46] E. Talen et al., “LEED-ND as an urban metric,” Landsc. Urban Plan., vol. 119, pp. 20–34, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.06.008.
[47] H. Kaur and P. Garg, “Urban sustainability assessment tools: A review,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 210, pp. 146–158, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.11.009.
[48] R. F. M. Ameen, M. Mourshed, and H. Li, “A critical review of environmental assessment tools for sustainable urban design,” Environ. Impact Assess. Rev., vol. 55, pp. 110–125, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.eiar.2015.07.006.
[49] P. Wu, Y. Song, X. Hu, and X. Wang, “A preliminary investigation of the transition from green building to green community: Insights from LEED ND,” Sustain., vol. 10, no. 6, 2018, doi: 10.3390/su10061802.
[50] T. Campisi, A. Severino, M. A. Al‐rashid, and G. Pau, “The development of the smart cities in the connected and autonomous vehicles (Cavs) era: From mobility patterns to scaling in cities,” Infrastructures, vol. 6, no. 7, 2021, doi: 10.3390/infrastructures6070100.
[51] A. M. Nagy and V. Simon, “Survey on traffic prediction in smart cities,” Pervasive Mob. Comput., vol. 50, pp. 148–163, 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.pmcj.2018.07.004.
[52] G. Salvo, B. M. Lashewicz, P. K. Doyle-Baker, and G. R. McCormack, “Neighbourhood built environment influences on physical activity among adults: A systematized review of qualitative evidence,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 15, no. 5, 2018, doi: 10.3390/ijerph15050897.
[53] A. P. Lara, E. M. Da Costa, T. Z. Furlani, and T. Yigitcanlar, “Smartness that matters: Towards a comprehensive and human-centred characterisation of smart cities,” J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 1–13, 2016, doi: 10.1186/s40852-016-0034-z.
[54] A. Zahrah and A. Gamal, “Balanced Housing as the Implementation of the Principle of Inclusivity,” 2nd Int. Conf. Smart Grid Smart Cities, ICSGSC 2018, pp. 16–20, 2018, doi: 10.1109/ICSGSC.2018.8541283.
[55] A. Gharaibeh et al., “Smart Cities: A Survey on Data Management, Security, and Enabling Technologies,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 2456–2501, 2017, doi: 10.1109/COMST.2017.2736886.
[56] J. van Hoof, H. R. Marston, J. K. Kazak, and T. Buffel, “Ten questions concerning age-friendly cities and communities and the built environment,” Build. Environ., vol. 199, no. April, p. 107922, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2021.107922.
[57] A. Komeily and R. S. Srinivasan, “A need for balanced approach to neighborhood sustainability assessments: A critical review and analysis,” Sustain. Cities Soc., vol. 18, pp. 32–43, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2015.05.004.
[58] T. Anagnostopoulos et al., “Challenges and Opportunities of Waste Management in IoT-Enabled Smart Cities: A Survey,” IEEE Trans. Sustain. Comput., vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 275–289, 2017, doi: 10.1109/TSUSC.2017.2691049.
[59] P. Wu, Y. Song, W. Shou, H. Chi, H. Y. Chong, and M. Sutrisna, “A comprehensive analysis of the credits obtained by LEED 2009 certified green buildings,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 68, no. April 2016, pp. 370–379, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.10.007.
[60] J. L. Webber, T. Fletcher, R. Farmani, D. Butler, and P. Melville-Shreeve, “Moving to a future of smart stormwater management: A review and framework for terminology, research, and future perspectives,” Water Res., vol. 218, no. March, p. 118409, 2022, doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2022.118409.
[61] V. R. Khare, A. Vajpai, and D. Gupta, “A big picture of urban heat island mitigation strategies and recommendation for India,” Urban Clim., vol. 37, no. April, p. 100845, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.uclim.2021.100845.
[62] A. Kylili and P. A. Fokaides, “European smart cities: The role of zero energy buildings,” Sustain. Cities Soc., vol. 15, no. 2015, pp. 86–95, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2014.12.003.
[63] S. Khan, D. Paul, P. Momtahan, and M. Aloqaily, “Artificial intelligence framework for smart city microgrids: State of the art, challenges, and opportunities,” 2018 3rd Int. Conf. Fog Mob. Edge Comput. FMEC 2018, pp. 283–288, 2018, doi: 10.1109/FMEC.2018.8364080.
[64] O. Angelidis, A. Ioannou, D. Friedrich, A. Thomson, and G. Falcone, “District heating and cooling networks with decentralised energy substations: Opportunities and barriers for holistic energy system decarbonisation,” Energy, vol. 269, no. January, p. 126740, 2023, doi: 10.1016/
[65] H. F. Chinchero, J. M. Alonso, and H. Ortiz T, “LED lighting systems for smart buildings: a review,” IET Smart Cities, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 126–134, 2020, doi: 10.1049/iet-smc.2020.0061.
[66] P. Kumar et al., “The nexus between air pollution, green infrastructure and human health,” Environ. Int., vol. 133, no. June, p. 105181, 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.105181.
[67] A. S. Israt and A. S. Hassan, “User-friendly street- a study on users’ perception ranking on physical attributes of pedestrian environment of Dhaka city,” Open House Int., vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 218–234, 2022, doi: 10.1108/OHI-03-2021-0058.
[68] M. Jedliński and K. Sosik-Filipiak, “The Role of Crosswalks in the Smart City Concept Implementation from the ‘iGen’ Perspective,” Energies, vol. 15, no. 15, 2022, doi: 10.3390/en15155661.
[69] J. Kim and B. Yang, “A smart city service business model: Focusing on transportation services,” Sustain., vol. 13, no. 19, 2021, doi: 10.3390/su131910832.
[70] B. Hidayat, A. Fatoni, H. Saksono, A. Asriani, and T. Andari, “Integrated River Transport Development to Support Smart City,” J. Bina Praja, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 2022, doi: 10.21787/jbp.14.2022.1-15.
How to Cite
Martiana Kholila Fadhil, & Tony Dwi Susanto. (2023). Success Factors for Smart City in Urban Design Models: A Systematic Review. Indonesia Journal on Computing (Indo-JC), 8(2), 65-80.
Information System