Levenberg-Marquardt Neural Network for Eye States Detection Based on Electroencephalography Data

Untari Novia Wisesty


The eye state detection is one of various task toward Brain Computer Interface system. The eye state can be read in brain signals. In this paper use EEG Eye State dataset (Rosler, 2013) from UCI Machine Learning Repository Database. Dataset is consisting of continuous 14 EEG measurements in 117 seconds. The eye states were marked as “1” or “0”. “1” indicates the eye-closed and “0” the eye-open state. The proposed schemes use Multi Layer Neural Network with Levenberg Marquardt optimization learning algorithm, as classification method.  Levenberg Marquardt method used to optimize the learning algorithm of neural network, because the standard algorithm has a weak convergence rate. It is need many iterations to have minimum error. Based on the analysis towards the experiment on the EEG dataset, it can be concluded that the proposed scheme can be implemented to detect the Eye State. The best accuracy gained from combination variable sigmoid function, data normalization and number of neurons are 31 (95.71%) for one hidden layer, and 98.912% for two hidden layers with number of neurons are 39 and 47 neurons and linear function.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21108/IJOICT.2016.21.72


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